Today's Trending Searches

Trump orders US military to create 'Space Command'

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:44:57 -0500

Trump orders US military to create 'Space Command'US President Donald Trump on Tuesday ordered the creation of "Space Command," a new organizational structure within the Pentagon that will have overall control of military space operations. The command will be separate from Trump's goal to build an entirely new branch of the military called "Space Force," which has not received approval from Congress. "I direct the establishment, consistent with United States law, of United States Space Command as a functional Unified Combatant Command," Trump said in a memo to Defense Secretary Defense Jim Mattis.


IPO activity next year could dampen if markets do not rebound: report

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:38:54 -0500

IPO activity next year could dampen if markets do not rebound: reportAs few as 125 firms could file for initial public offerings in 2019, compared to 190 so far in 2018, manager of IPO-focused exchange-traded funds Renaissance Capital said, adding that the figure could rise to 200 if U.S. stocks resume their climb. Overall, total proceeds from IPOs in 2019 could be as much as $60 billion, up from $47 billion in 2018, according to the annual report from Renaissance Capital. "Issuance and returns were very strong until the fourth quarter (of 2018), when a global selloff caused the average IPO return to sink to a measly 5 percent," Matthew Kennedy, senior IPO market strategist at Renaissance Capital, said.


Sue, the world-famous T. rex, gets a new lair in Chicago

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:33:18 -0500

Sue, the world-famous T. rex, gets a new lair in ChicagoThe museum on Friday will unveil the 40-1/2-foot-long (12.3-meter) Sue, one of the world's best-known dinosaur fossils, in the giant meat-eater's new permanent exhibition space after 10 months of work moving and remounting the huge bones. Sue's bones were mounted in a way that reflects new understanding about the species acquired over the past two decades. One major change was the addition of gastralia, bones resembling an additional set of ribs spanning the belly that may have provided structural support to help the dinosaur breathe.


Sue, the world-famous T. rex, gets a new lair in Chicago

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:33:18 -0500

Sue, the world-famous T. rex, gets a new lair in ChicagoThe museum on Friday will unveil the 40-1/2-foot-long (12.3-meter) Sue, one of the world's best-known dinosaur fossils, in the giant meat-eater's new permanent exhibition space after 10 months of work moving and remounting the huge bones. Sue's bones were mounted in a way that reflects new understanding about the species acquired over the past two decades. One major change was the addition of gastralia, bones resembling an additional set of ribs spanning the belly that may have provided structural support to help the dinosaur breathe.


The TSA Is Scaling Back (But Not Stopping) a Program That Monitored Everyday People

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:31:00 -0500

The TSA Is Scaling Back (But Not Stopping) a Program That Monitored Everyday PeopleArmed federal marshals can still track you at the airport, though.


NASA's 1st flight to moon, Apollo 8, marks 50th anniversary

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:25:43 -0500

NASA's 1st flight to moon, Apollo 8, marks 50th anniversaryCAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — NASA's first flight to the moon is marking its 50th anniversary.


SpaceX halts U.S. satellite launch for national security mission

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:17:56 -0500

SpaceX halts U.S. satellite launch for national security missionSpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket, carrying a roughly $500 million global positioning system (GPS) satellite built by Lockheed Martin Corp , was due to take off from Florida's Cape Canaveral shortly after 9:30 a.m. local time (1730 GMT), but was stopped minutes before takeoff. "This abort was triggered by the onboard Falcon 9 flight computer," a SpaceX official narrating the launch sequence said, adding that SpaceX would attempt the launch on Wednesday morning. SpaceX later tweeted that the Falcon 9 and payload remain healthy and cited an "out of family" reading on the rocket's first stage sensors for the delay.


Scientists Retract Study that Found Americans Had Given Up on Losing Weight

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:10:00 -0500

Scientists Retract Study that Found Americans Had Given Up on Losing WeightIt’s well known that Americans have steadily become more overweight and obese over the years. A widely reported 2017 study even found that overweight Americans were giving up on losing weight altogether—but, as it turns out, that conclusion wasn’t quite right.


Oil dives on fears of glut, global economic slowdown

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:00:47 -0500

Oil dives on fears of glut, global economic slowdownOil prices tumbled on Tuesday after reports of swelling inventories and forecasts that record U.S. and Russian output will hit a market that may see weaker demand if global growth deteriorates as many expect. Investor confidence is deteriorating, with more fund managers expecting global growth to weaken over the next 12 months, the worst outlook in a decade, Bank of America Merrill Lynch's December investor survey showed. Britain's largest oilfield restarted, increasing supply, the U.S. government said output from shale would top 8 million barrels per day this year, and data suggested U.S. crude inventories would rise this week.


Olivia Newton-John memoir coming out in US in 2019

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 12:00:33 -0500

Olivia Newton-John memoir coming out in US in 2019NEW YORK (AP) — Olivia Newton-John's autobiography, released last fall in her longtime home Australia, comes out in the U.S. in 2019.


Automakers denounce 'unrealistic' EU emissions targets

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:25:10 -0500

Automakers denounce 'unrealistic' EU emissions targetsGerman and other European automakers warned Tuesday that EU plans to slash carbon dioxide emissions from new cars and vans by 2030 are "totally unrealistic" without a network to recharge electric cars and more effort to retrain workers. European Union countries and the European Parliament agreed in principle on Monday to require new cars in 2030 to emit 37.5 percent less carbon dioxide on average compared to 2021 while van emissions will have to drop 31 percent. Ambassadors from EU countries are to expected to endorse the deal in Brussels on Wednesday -- a deal officials touted as advancing the bloc's efforts to meet commitments under the Paris climate accord.


More storms with heavy rain, snow and pounding surf to hit US West Coast into Christmas

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:21:54 -0500

More storms with heavy rain, snow and pounding surf to hit US West Coast into ChristmasExpect more storms with heavy rain, heavy mountain snow and rough seas to lash the West Coast of the United States into Christmas Day.


Trump directs Pentagon to create 'Space Command'

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:10:16 -0500

Trump directs Pentagon to create 'Space Command'US President Donald Trump on Tuesday ordered the creation of "Space Command," a new organizational structure within the Pentagon that will have overall control of military space operations. The command will be separate from Trump's goal to build an entirely new branch of the military called "Space Force" -- but could be a step in that direction. "I direct the establishment, consistent with United States law, of United States Space Command as a functional Unified Combatant Command," Trump said in a memo to Defense Secretary Defense Jim Mattis.


Bethenny Frankel Says She Nearly Died After Eating A Bowl Of Soup Last Weekend

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:10:00 -0500

Bethenny Frankel Says She Nearly Died After Eating A Bowl Of Soup Last Weekend“I thought I had a stroke.”


Everything You Need to Know About Dating a Cancer Man

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 11:02:00 -0500

Everything You Need to Know About Dating a Cancer ManDepending on your personality, he's either too sensitive or just right.


Amazon's Tool Stocking Stuffers Are Going for Cheap Today

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:57:00 -0500

Amazon's Tool Stocking Stuffers Are Going for Cheap TodayIt's crunch time. Let's mark some people off our holiday list.


Report: SpaceX raising $500M to get Starlink satellite service off the ground

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:56:11 -0500

Report: SpaceX raising $500M to get Starlink satellite service off the groundSpaceX is set to raise $500 million in new investment to boost the development of its Starlink internet satellite service, The Wall Street Journal reported today. The funding round sets the California-based space company’s valuation at $30.5 billion, the Journal quoted unnamed sources as saying. One source familiar with the terms of the round told the Journal that SpaceX and investors have agreed on the financing terms, but the money hasn’t yet been sent to the company. The investors are said to include existing shareholders as well as Baillie Gifford, a Scottish investment firm that is the third-largest shareholder in… Read More


Dream of augmented humans endures, despite sceptics

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:40:26 -0500

Dream of augmented humans endures, despite scepticsBrain implants, longer lives, genetically modified humans: for the prophets of transhumanism -- the scientifically assisted evolution of humans beyond our current limitations -- it is just a matter of time. "Some transhumanists sign their emails to me with slogans like 'Death is now optional' or 'The first person to live to 500 has already been born'," he remarks.


The Latest: Trump signs order to create US Space Command

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:36:53 -0500

The Latest: Trump signs order to create US Space CommandWASHINGTON (AP) — The Latest on the Pentagon's new Space Command (all times local):


When a wildfire is 100-percent 'contained,' does that mean the blaze is completely extinguished?

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:36:03 -0500

When a wildfire is 100-percent 'contained,' does that mean the blaze is completely extinguished?As wildfires rage and threaten to destroy everything in their paths, we often hear that they are contained by a certain percentage.


Reporter battling rare bone cancer fired while on medical leave

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:35:13 -0500

Reporter battling rare bone cancer fired while on medical leaveA beloved Tennessee news anchor has lost her job amid her battle with a rare


SpaceX and Blue Origin Just Scrubbed Near-Simultaneous Rocket Launches (Arianespace, Too!)

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:30:45 -0500

SpaceX and Blue Origin Just Scrubbed Near-Simultaneous Rocket Launches (Arianespace, Too!)With no less than FOUR rocket launches by four different companies, today promised to be an epic one for space fans. SpaceX and Blue Origin kicked off the launch attempts today (Dec. 18). A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket was set to launch GPS III SV01, the first of an advanced new navigation satellite system for the U.S. military. At first the mission, initially scheduled for 9:11 a.m. EST (1411 GMT), slipped a few minutes to 9:34 a.m. EST as SpaceX prepared for launch at its Cape Canaveral Air Force Station pad in Florida.


Musk's SpaceX to raise $500 million in funding: WSJ

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:16:09 -0500

Musk's SpaceX to raise $500 million in funding: WSJSpaceX did not immediately responded to Reuters request for comment. SpaceX investors are paying $186 per share for new stock in the latest funding round, WSJ reported, adding that it is up about 10 percent from the $169-per-share paid during an April fundraising. In April, Reuters reported that SpaceX was raising $507 million in a new round of funding, valuing the company at around $26 billion.


White Christmas 2018 forecast: Who has the best shot at snow?

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:13:27 -0500

White Christmas 2018 forecast: Who has the best shot at snow?Following far-reaching snowstorms from November and early December, a lack of Arctic air will generally limit the chances of a white Christmas to the northern tier states and the mountains of the West for Dec. 25, 2018.


What you can do to help prevent deadly, devastating wildfires from occurring

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 10:01:50 -0500

What you can do to help prevent deadly, devastating wildfires from occurringFighting wildfires costs the United States billions of dollars each year. It turns out that humans have ignited a significant chunk of these destructive blazes.


Porsche Made a Video to Teach You to Pronounce 'Taycan'

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:54:00 -0500

Porsche Made a Video to Teach You to Pronounce 'Taycan'Porsche's Tesla competitor, previously called Mission E, is now the Porsche Taycan. It's coming in 2020.


Skull Soup, Viking Tech, and More: The Wildest Archaeological Discoveries of 2018

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:50:00 -0500

Skull Soup, Viking Tech, and More: The Wildest Archaeological Discoveries of 2018Archaeologists dug up a lot of cool stuff in 2018, but they dug up a lot of weird, disgusting, and disturbing stuff as well. Here are the strangest archaeology stories the year had to offer.


Facebook Urged to Change Leadership by Group of Nonprofits

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:44:20 -0500

Facebook Urged to Change Leadership by Group of NonprofitsOrganizations including Muslim Advocates, MoveOn, the Southern Poverty Law Center and the National LGBTQ Task Force co-signed a letter asking Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg to step down from his role as board chairman. It also requested that Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg leave the board entirely.


Dangerous life on Mars? Humans could be infected and we could kill microbes on the Red Planet

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:32:19 -0500

Dangerous life on Mars? Humans could be infected and we could kill microbes on the Red PlanetAs rovers like Mars Insight bring humans steps closer to going to the Red Planet we must consider the dangers we pose to it and it to us.


SpaceX and Blue Origin Launches Scrubbed, Will Try Again Wednesday

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:27:00 -0500

SpaceX and Blue Origin Launches Scrubbed, Will Try Again WednesdayThe Falcon and the New Shepard couldn't go through with planned launches on Tuesday.


Huge fire ravages 600 homes in Brazil's Amazon

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:16:42 -0500

Huge fire ravages 600 homes in Brazil's AmazonA huge fire blazed through 600 wooden homes built on stilts next to a river in Brazil's Amazon region overnight, decimating a poor area of the city of Manaus but causing no deaths, authorities said Tuesday. "It's perhaps the biggest city fire in the history of Manaus," said the deputy chief of the local emergency service, Hermogenes Rabelo.


The Great Barrier Reef Has a Secret Weapon Against Climate Change

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 09:08:00 -0500

The Great Barrier Reef Has a Secret Weapon Against Climate ChangeIt could help fight global warming, if we don't destroy it first.


Hopes for record day in space flight fall short with 3 out of 4 launches scrubbed

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 08:34:32 -0500

Hopes for record day in space flight fall short with 3 out of 4 launches scrubbedIt was billed to be one of the busiest days in space history with four rockets scheduled to launch back-to-back in the space of just a few hours. But the stars failed to align on Tuesday, with three out of four launches scrubbed due to high-altitude winds, technical problems and issues with one rocket's ground infrastructure.   Elon Musk's SpaceX was due to send a new US spy satellite into orbit at 2pm GMT today on its Falcon 9 rocket. A mere 19 minutes later, rival Blue Origin, which is the brainchild of Amazon's billionaire founder Jeff Bezos, was expected to complete a research flight from its New Shepard 10 rocket.  The launch would have carried nine experiments for Nasa and will test a suborbital capsule. However, both launches were postponed at the last minute.  Blue Origin said its launch was cancelled due to a "ground infrastructure issue." It will now launch on Wednesday morning. SpaceX missed its launch window after an abort order was triggered by the flight computer on the Falcon 9 rocket. Musk's firm will now attempt he launch tomorrow. The flights were due to be followed by a French launch of a defence satellite, which was also scrubbed.  Another launch, a classified US launch of a Delta IV heavy rocket carrying a spy satellite is expected to still take place at Vandenberg Air Force Base at 8:57 p.m. ET. Despite today's delays, there have been more than 100 space flight launches so far in 2018, making it the busiest year for commercial space ventures and space exploration since 1990. Billionaire investors including Mr Musk, Mr Bezos and Virgin Galactic founder Sir Richard Branson have all seen their rocket ventures begin to talk flight.  The launch today represents SpaceX's first national security critical space mission for the company. How the SpaceX Falcon Heavy compares in size US vice president Mike Pence called the launch "an important step forward as we seek to secure American leadership in space". SpaceX has pushed to make space flight cheaper by developing rocket parts that can return to earth and be reused. SpaceX has made 20 launches alone in 2018, with some seeing rocket parts return to earth, touching down on autonomous landing pads in the middle of the ocean.  It has also successfully conducted a test launch of its new Falcon Heavy rocket in early 2018, which can carry bigger payloads at a cost of $90m per launch. Its first payload included a Tesla roadster which was fired into space. Last week, Virgin Galactic successfully sent its first test pilots into space, marking a key milestone in the effort to put tourists into space with commercial space travel.  The test flight from the Mojave Space Port was the first time a human has reached space from US soil since the end of Nasa's space shuttle programme in 2011. While 2018 has seen renewed impetus in the space race as countries and companies launch hundreds of satellites and Mr Musk talks up the future of space exploration, 2019 is expected to see even more launches. So far, there are 173 planned to go ahead next year.


The best and worst times to travel for Christmas

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 08:32:22 -0500

The best and worst times to travel for ChristmasAAA predicts that more than one-third of Americans will travel this holiday season, so knowing the best and worst times for traffic and weather can cut down your trip time.


Therma Bright Inc. Issues Update on Pain Relief Device and TherOZap(TM) Technology

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 08:30:00 -0500

Therma Bright Inc. Issues Update on Pain Relief Device and TherOZap(TM) TechnologyToronto, Ontario--(Newsfile Corp. - December 18, 2018) - Therma Bright Inc. (TSXV: THRM), ("Therma Bright" or the "Company"), a progressive medical device technology company, today announces that it has received the prototype of its pain relief device and provides an update on its TherOZap™ technology. Therma Bright in October introduced the first design of its pain relief product for general, arthritic or orthopedic pain. Rapidly advancing its development, the Company has received the ...


EU to cut new car emissions by 37.5 percent by 2030

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 08:09:56 -0500

EU to cut new car emissions by 37.5 percent by 2030EU member countries and the European Parliament struck the ambitious deal late Monday that Brussels said would help the bloc meet its commitments under the Paris climate accord. The targets will require new cars sold in 2030 to emit 37.5 percent less carbon dioxide on average compared to 2021 levels. "With these ambitious targets, Europe is once again showing how to turn the #ParisAgremeent and #COP24 into action," tweeted Miguel Arias Canete, the European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel.


Ovary Removal (Oophorectomy): a Risk Factor for Dementia?

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 08:00:00 -0500

Ovary Removal (Oophorectomy): a Risk Factor for Dementia?Ovary removal (oophorectomy) dramatically lowers estrogen, a reproductive hormone that may also protect your brain.


How Russia Wants to Track (And Kill) Navy Submarines

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 07:52:00 -0500

How Russia Wants to Track (And Kill) Navy SubmarinesMoscow is working on a new trick to track American submarines: sonar-equipped robots.


Why Every Adult Should Get the Flu Shot

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 07:49:25 -0500

Why Every Adult Should Get the Flu ShotTo help protect the health of all of your family members, there really is no excuse to skip the flu shot.


Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons: The Ultimate Weapon Coming to the U.S. Navy or Bad Idea?

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 07:39:00 -0500

Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons: The Ultimate Weapon Coming to the U.S. Navy or Bad Idea?The Pentagon has completed initial draft plans for several emerging low-yield sea-launched nuclear weapons.


China first to approve AstraZeneca, FibroGen anaemia drug

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 06:20:37 -0500

China first to approve AstraZeneca, FibroGen anaemia drugChina has become the first country to approve a new anaemia drug from AstraZeneca and FibroGen, well before decisions by regulators in the United States or Europe. Despite the early win, the two partners said on Tuesday they did not expect to launch roxadustat in China until the second half of 2019. FibroGen sponsored the development and registration of roxadustat in China, while AstraZeneca is responsible for marketing the medicine.


Leopard kills, decapitates 3-year-old in India

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 06:10:14 -0500

Leopard kills, decapitates 3-year-old in IndiaThe headless body of a three-year-old boy snatched from his home by a leopard in India was handed over to his parents on Tuesday, wildlife officials said. Wasim Akram was in the kitchen with his mother when the animal snuck inside, pounced on the child and took him deep into the woods, officials said. Local officials in the northern state of Jammu and Kashmir have sought "elimination orders" from the state government.


Is vaping safe? What research says about the cigarette substitute that's on the rise among teenagers

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 06:02:36 -0500

Is vaping safe? What research says about the cigarette substitute that's on the rise among teenagersIn the past 20 years, the number of people who smoke cigarettes in the UK has steadily fallen year on year. According to data from theNHS around 28 per cent of UK adults were smokers in 1998; as of 2017, that figure had dropped to just 14.9pc. To some degree, the drop can be attributed to various legislative moves, designed to persuade smokers to kick their habit. These include the Tobacco Advertising and Promotion Act 2002, which banned the direct and indirect advertising of cigarettes, and the Health Act 2006, which prohibited smoking in public places. While the number of people smoking cigarettes has clearly decreased, that isn’t to say that people have turned their backs on smoking altogether. Since the early 2000s, more and more people have taken up vaping instead. It's a trend reflected by a new study from the University of Michigan, which shows that in the US, the percentage of 17-18-year-olds vaping rose from 11pc to 21pc between 2017 and 2018. Researchers said that more teens of all ages are vaping nicotine. Looking at the wider market, cccording to market research group Euromonitor, around seven million people around the world were using e-cigarettes in 2011, compared to 41m today. In the UK, government statistics suggest that around 6pc of the country’s adult population use e-cigarettes. Adults aged 25-34, and 35-49 are the most likely to vape, with 8pc and 7pc doing so respectively. The effects include addiction, priming for use of other addictive substances... and mood disordersVivek Murthy, former US surgeon general For e-cig users, vaping is seen as a less dangerous alternative to traditional cigarettes: NHS data shows that 48pc of users are vaping as a precursor to giving up smoking, while 30pc say they do so because they believe there are less health risks associated with the practice compared to smoking. That belief is confirmed – to an extent – by research into the effects of vaping. However, a growing body of scientific work is throwing light onto the health consequences of e-cigs – and the research suggests that it is far from a guilt-free habit. You may not need a lighter to drag on an e-cig, but it seems the old adage holds true: there can be no smoke without fire.   What is vaping? Vaping is the practice of smoking electronic cigarettes (known as e-cigarettes). The products work by heating a liquid solution (often referred to as an e-liquid) to form a vapour which the user inhales. Ordinarily, that solution is made up of nicotine, flavourings, and a liquid called propylene glycol and/or glycerine, which acts as a solvent but also helps to thicken the vapour produced by the device. The idea is that an e-cigarette contains the addictive element of a cigarette (nicotine) without containing tar or producing carbon monoxide, which are heavily linked to  lung disease and cancer. The thinking goes that e-cigarettes allow smokers to get their nicotine fix in a manner that is healthier than cigarettes, and hopefully help them to quit entirely. Is vaping safe? Public Health England and the NHS both recommend using e-cigarettes to help give up smoking. Advice from both bodies mentions that e-cigarettes lack many of the ‘harmful effects’ associated with smoking. It is certainly true that e-cigarettes do not contain tar and do not burn to produce carbon monoxide. This mitigates the risk of contracting cancer or other lung-related conditions such as emphysema. However, the trouble with vaping is that since the technology is reasonably new, the long term effects of using e-cigarettes is unknown. As it stands, most of the fatalities and medical emergencies associated with e-cigarettes come from the risk of them overheating or exploding and causing burns and other injuries. This is often caused by malfunctioning lithium-ion batteries within poor quality e-cigarette products. Is vaping safe... for children? One of the major areas of concern is around children and young people vaping. While the consensus is that vaping is a positive decision for those who want to give up smoking traditional cigarettes, there is a growing trend for young people to take up vaping as a lifestyle choice. This year a study from the University of Michigan found that across the US, more teens than ever are vaping. 6.1pc of 13-14-year-olds, 16pc of 15-16-year-olds, and 21pc of 17-18-year-olds said they'd used an electronic cigarette in the last 30 days, according to the survey. It's also noteworthy that these are just the young people who admitted to vaping nicotine; marijuana vaping is also on the rise.  Richard Miech, the survey's lead author, commented:"Vaping is reversing hard-fought declines in the number of adolescents who use nicotine." The Monitoring the Future study surveys 45,000 American students every year and this marks the biggest single-year increase in its history, even surpassing even a huge surge in marijuana smoking in the 1970s.  A 2015 study from Liverpool John Moores University found that one in five teenagers aged between 14 and 17 had tried e-cigarettes. Of those, 40pc had either never smoked before or had tried it and didn’t like it. The worry is that e-cigarettes are acting as a gateway drug of sorts. Young people get addicted to the nicotine in e-cigarettes, and then go on to take up smoking as a result. Getting addicted at that earlier age can also lead young people to become more likely to take risks and abuse other substances. Thankfully, this isn’t a serious problem for the UK just yet. A 2017 survey from Public Health England found that only 3pc of young people aged between 11 and 16 vaped regularly. Of those, the vast majority were already smoking anyway. Of those who’d never smoked, between 0.1pc and 0.5pc had taken up vaping, said the survey’s authors. Ultimately, basically every study into the matter confirms that vaping is vastly less dangerous than smoking. However, as scientists and researchers begin to conduct more studies into the potentially harmful effects of vaping, a clearer pictures of risks and benefits of using e-cigarettes is becoming clearer. In the UK, people aged 25-34 or 35-49 are most likely to vape Credit: Jason Lee/Reuters Immune system damage and lung disease According to a 2018 study from scientists at the University Of Birmingham, vaping damages immune cells in the lungs, preventing them from being able to clear harmful bacteria. The study suggests that the vapour from an e-cigarette leaves the user’s lungs in a similar condition to a cigarette smoker’s. It also found that the vapour can trigger chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is an overarching term for diseases including severe bronchitis, asthma and emphysema. To find this, the scientists behind the study took samples of lung cells from eight non-smokers with no history of lung disease. These samples were exposed to varying levels of e-liquid and condensed vapour. The researchers found  that the vapour boosts production of inflammatory chemicals in the lungs. Not only that, but it also disables lung cells which are designed to flush harmful particles out of the lungs. Raised risk of cancer and heart disease While vaping is often marketed as a safer alternative to smokingr, one recent study suggested that many of the same risks are present in both. Researchers from the New York Society Of Medicine conceded (as so many others have) that vaping is significantly less harmful than smoking, but shared research which suggests that some of the same diseases and illnesses could affect vapers as smokers. After exposing cell samples to the vapour from e-cigarettes for ten years, the scientists looked for DNA mutations in cells from animals and humans. They found that e-cigarette vapour damages DNA and prevents the genetic code from repairing itself. This is because the nicotine in e-liquids break down into nitrosamines which are carcinogenic (cancer causing) chemicals. In short, this means that there is a possibility that vaping could contribute to lung and bladder cancer. The study also mentions vapers have a higher risk factor for heart disease. Researchers concluded: “Based on these results we propose that e-cigarette smoke is carcinogenic and that e-cigarette smokers have a higher risk than non-smokers to develop lung and bladder cancer and heart disease.” Addictive to children While e-cigarettes do not contain many of the harmful chemicals found in cigarettes, the e-liquids inside them do contain nicotine. As mentioned above, this can help  smokers to cut out cigarettes without giving them cravings for nicotine, which is a powerfully addictive substance. Still, an addictive substance isn’t necessarily a problem if there’s nothing harmful in the thing you’re getting addicted to, right? The former US surgeon general, Vivek Murthy would disagree.  In 2016, the top doctor issued a strongly worded report on the matter in which he warned that exposing developing brains to nicotine can lead to potentially harmful consequences. He wrote: “The effects include addiction, priming for use of other addictive substances, reduced impulse control, deficits in attention and cognition, and mood disorders.” In addition, Murthy expressed concerns that young people taking up vaping as a fashion statement would lead to increased cigarette usage later in life. As a result of these harmful effects, Murthy argued, no one under the age of 25 should take up vaping and the practice should be discouraged by parents, teachers, and carers. This pronouncement came on the back off a UK based study in North West England which also found that young people who vaped were more susceptible to other forms of substance use and risk-taking behaviours. Still much we don’t know In 2016, Researchers from Imperial College London shared a report which suggested that it could be ten or twenty years before the full effects of of e-cigarettes become apparent. The report did openly state that the likelihood of vaping being worse for people than smoking was deeply unlikely, but warned that those who took up the practice were “taking a bet”. They were particularly concerned about the rise in people who had never smoked before but had taken up vaping. The worry of popcorn lung This particular study was less concerned by the e-cigarettes themselves, or even the nicotine in the liquid, but the flavourings used to give vapes a unique taste. Specifically, the chemical Diacetyl, which is often used in food as a butter substitute, was the centre of the controversy. The chemical was used in around 75pc of all flavoured e-liquids but is thought to cause inflammation, scarring and constriction of the tiny airways in the lung known as bronchioles, reducing air flow when inhaled, though it is thought to be safe to eat. Several factories which used the chemical to make microwave popcorn were investigated by the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, which found that workers developed bronchiolitis obliterans after inhaling Diacetyl for a long time. Researchers then looked into other places the chemical was used and found that the vast majority of e-liquid producers put it into their solutions. Diacetyl was subsequently banned for use in e-liquids by the UK government in 2017. It remains in use in other countries around the world though. 20 microchanges that could make a major difference to your health in 2018 Still better than cigarettes In 2015, PHE, King’s College London and Queen Mary London shared a joint report which argued that vaping is around 95pc less dangerous than smoking. Their research admitted that there were potential dangers around vaping, particularly with regards to the chemicals used to flavour the e-liquid. However, the group argued that in comparison to the risks around smoking, e-cigarettes caused “a fraction of the harm”. The report estimated that if every smoker in Britain switched to vaping, around 75,000 lives would be saved every single year. In addition, the report suggested that e-cigarettes, once regulated, should be offered by the NHS to anyone looking to give up smoking. Toxic to bystanders As mentioned above, one of the reasons why vaping became so popular in the first place was due to the Health Act 2006 which banned smoking in enclosed public spaces such as pubs, restaurants, and trains. In contrast, vaping offered a quick, easy way to get a nicotine hit without the need to get up and go outside. However, according to a report from the World Health Organisation in 2014, second-hand vaping might have harmful effects just like second-hand smoking. It encourages governments to ban vaping indoors just like smoking. So far, no federal governments have taken this advice, but individual organisations and various local and state governments have banned the practice in certain areas. The report says: “The fact that (e-cigarettes) exhaled aerosol contains on average lower levels of toxicants than the emissions from combusted tobacco does not mean that these levels are acceptable to involuntarily exposed bystanders.” "In fact, exhaled aerosol is likely to increase, above background levels, the risk of disease to bystanders, especially in the case of some (e-cigarettes) that produce toxicant levels in the range of that produced by some cigarettes."


Depression and anxiety could be as harmful as smoking and obesity

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 06:01:25 -0500

Depression and anxiety could be as harmful as smoking and obesityNew US research has found that depression and anxiety could be as bad for health as smoking and obesity, increasing the risk of conditions such as heart disease and arthritis. The participants' depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using interviews, and data was also recorded on participants' current smoking status, weight, medical diagnoses and somatic symptoms on two occasions over four years. The findings, published in the journal Health Psychology, showed that anxiety and depression symptoms predicted a higher rate of nearly all medical illnesses and somatic symptoms.


What Happens When Elon Musk’s Tunnel Comes to Town

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 06:00:23 -0500

What Happens When Elon Musk’s Tunnel Comes to TownThe twist? The new landlord was an entity connected to Elon Musk’s Boring Co., and the cabinet business needed to make way for a test hyperloop tunnel. Musk’s plans to tunnel underneath Los Angeles County have been greeted with much fanfare and much hand-wringing by existing residents, some of whom will be directly impacted by the tunneling and construction. On Tuesday night, Boring Co. will officially open the Hawthorne tunnel, a preview of Musk’s larger vision to ease L.A. traffic. As part of that project, the company has also purchased property near the test site—much to the chagrin of some local businesses.


Florida to face heightened risk of severe weather Thursday

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 05:59:16 -0500

Florida to face heightened risk of severe weather ThursdayAn East Coast storm threatening to disrupt millions of holiday travelers will bring a heightened risk of severe weather to Florida on Thursday.


Indian regulator says Reuters report on J&J baby powder 'under consideration'

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 05:37:44 -0500

Indian regulator says Reuters report on J&J baby powder 'under consideration'A spokeswoman for the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) told Reuters it was too early to say if a formal investigation would be launched into the baby powder that is ubiquitous in many Indian homes, a potential market of 1.3 billion people. K. Bangarurajan, a senior official at the CDSCO, told Reuters powder samples were tested earlier but nothing wrong was found in them. "The samples were found to be complying with Indian standards." A J&J spokesperson in India said it had not been contacted by the government since the Reuters story.


Huawei Blasts U.S. Fear-Mongering as Security Concerns Sharpen

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 05:08:39 -0500

Huawei Blasts U.S. Fear-Mongering as Security Concerns SharpenThe company took swipes at the U.S. and its allies Tuesday during its first press event since CFO Meng Wanzhou was detained in Canada on allegations she defrauded banks to violate Iranian sanctions. The daughter of billionaire founder Ren Zhengfei, she now faces extradition in a case that’s sparked a diplomatic row, chilled travel to China and exacerbated fears Beijing could employ its networks for espionage, something Huawei’s always denied. China’s largest technology company by sales has rapidly become a lightning rod for America’s fears about the Asian country, as tensions between the world’s two richest nations escalate.


The Dark Realities Women Face Driving for Uber and Lyft

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 05:00:19 -0500

The Dark Realities Women Face Driving for Uber and LyftPagliocco has only been driving for about half a year, yet of the thousand or so rides that she’s driven for Uber Technologies Inc. and Lyft Inc., she says a few hundred of those have led to inappropriate advances or uncomfortable encounters.


Stealth Swap: The Air Force Could Replace the F-22 with...the F-35

Tue, 18 Dec 2018 04:00:00 -0500

Stealth Swap: The Air Force Could Replace the F-22 with...the F-35And the reason is simple: money.